Pronunciation /ˈsʌplɪm(ə)nt/ /ˈsʌplɪmɛnt/ /sʌplɪˈmɛnt/ noun 1 A thing added to something else in order to complete or enhance it. 1.1 A substance taken to remedy the deficiencies in a person’s diet. 1.2 A separate section, especially a colour magazine, added to a newspaper or periodical. 1.3 A sum of money paid to increase a person’s income. 1.4 An additional charge payable for an extra service or facility. 2 Geometry The amount by which an angle is less than 180°.
verb [with object] Add an extra element or amount to.
Origin Late Middle English from Latin supplementum, from supplere ‘fill up, complete’ (see supply).
Today, it is hoped that the image will supplement your understanding of the word of the day.
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Pronunciation /ˈʌmpʌɪə/ noun 1 (in some sports) an official who watches a game or match closely to enforce the rules and arbitrate on matters arising from the play. 1.1 A person chosen to arbitrate between contending parties. verb [no object] Act as an umpire in a game or match.
Origin Late Middle English (originally as noumpere) (denoting an arbitrator): from Old French nonper ‘not equal’. The n was lost by wrong division of a noumpere; compare with adder.
I rarely attempt to be an umpire, generally seeking to stretch rather than enforce the rules.
Pronunciation /ˈlaŋɡwɪʃ/ verb [no object] 1 (of a person, animal, or plant) lose or lack vitality; grow weak. 1.1 Fail to make progress or be successful. 1.2 archaic Pine with love or grief. 1.3 archaic Assume a sentimentally tender or melancholy expression or tone. 2 Be forced to remain in an unpleasant place or situation.
Origin Middle English (in the sense ‘become faint, feeble, or ill’): from Old French languiss-, lengthened stem of languir ‘languish’, from a variant of Latin languere, related to laxus ‘loose, lax’.
I shall willingly use my morning root canal as excuse to languish through the afternoon. (Not that a nap is uncommon for me, anyway!)
Pronunciation /ˈlɪmɪt/ noun 1 A point or level beyond which something does not or may not extend or pass. 1.1 often limits – The terminal point or boundary of an area or movement. 1.2 The furthest extent of one’s physical or mental endurance. 2 A restriction on the size or amount of something permissible or possible. 2.1 A speed limit. 2.2 also legal limitThe maximum concentration of alcohol in the blood that the law allows in the driver of a motor vehicle. 3 Mathematics A point or value which a sequence, function, or sum of a series can be made to approach progressively, until they are as close to it as desired. verb limits, limiting, limited [with object] Set or serve as a limit to.
Origin Late Middle English from Latin limes, limit- ‘boundary, frontier’. The verb is from Latin limitare, from limes.
On a road we travel frequently, there is an interesting mix of signs. The right side of the road has a standard US speed limit sign announcing a switch to 35 miles per hour. Across the road is a permanent electronic speed sign which flashes if you are going above 25 MPH, the speed limit of the road BEHIND us.
Pronunciation /ˈtɛstɪməni/ noun testimonies 1 A formal written or spoken statement, especially one given in a court of law. 1.1 mass noun Evidence or proof of something. 1.2 A public recounting of a religious conversion or experience. 1.3 archaic A solemn protest or declaration.
Origin Middle English from Latin testimonium, from testis ‘a witness’.
Claire tried to provide careful and accurate testimony, even though the event in question had been months earlier. She did not wish to be seen as a witless witness.